June 2016

Research Publications


Carmel U. Chiswick


Research Professor of Economics

George Washington University


Professor Emerita

University of Illinois at Chicago


A.       Books

Judaism in Transition: How Economic Choices Shape Religious Tradition.  Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014.  234 pages.  

The Economics of American Judaism.  London: Routledge, 2008.  177 pages. 

Jewish Society and Culture:  An Economic Perspective (with Tikva Lecker and Nava Kahana).  Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press, 2007.  206 pages.

The Economics of Immigration and Social Diversity (ed. with Hillel Rapoport and Solomon Polachek).  Special Issue of Research in Labor Economics, Vol. 24 (2006).  467 pages.

The Economics of Judaism and Jewish Observance (with Tikva Lecker).  Special Issue of Contemporary Jewry, Vol. 20 (1999).  242 pages.


B.       Encyclopedia Articles

“Economic Life”.  In The Cambridge Dictionary of Judaism and Jewish Culture.  Judith Baskin (ed.).  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

“Economic Status of American Jews” (with Barry R. Chiswick).  In The Encyclopedia of American Jewish History.  Stephen H. Norwood and Eunice Pollack (eds.).  Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2007.  Volume I, pp. 62-65.

“Economic Transformation of American Jewry” (with Barry R. Chiswick).  In New Jewish Time –  Jewish Culture in a Secular Age – an Encyclopedic View.  Y. Yovel et al. (eds.), Israel: Keter Pubishing House. 2007.  Volume D, pp. 101-106.  (Hebrew)

“Income Distribution and Education” (with B. Chiswick), in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite (eds.), International Encyclopedia of Education: Research and Studies, Oxford, 1985, pp. 2414-21 (Vol. 5).   

Reprinted in G. Psacharopoulos (ed.), Economics of Education: Research and Studies, Oxford, 1987, pp.255-261.


C.       Journal Articles and Chapters in Books

“Immigrants and Religion.” Handbook on the Economics of International Immigration, Volume 1 (Barry R. Chiswick and Paul W. Miller, eds.), Oxford: Elsevier, 2015.  Cameo 2, pp. 375-385.  (Also downloadable as IZA Discussion Paper No. 8092.) 

“How Economics Helped Shape American Judaism.”  In Aaron Levine (ed.), Judaism and Economics.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.  pp.646-662.  .

“Egalitarian Religion and Economics.”  The Lighthouse Economic Review 1:1, June 2010.  (http://egalitarianreligionandeconomics.blogspot.com)

 “Economics and Religion.”  In R. Free (ed.), 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook. NY: Sage, 2010.  Chapter 76, pp.777-783.

“Economic Influences on Judaism in America.”  AJS Perspectives. Fall 2009, pp.34-36.

“The Economic Determinants of Ethnic Assimilation.” Journal of Population Economics 22 (2009), pp.859-880.

“Judaism in Israel and in the United States:  An Economic Perspective.”  In C. Chiswick et al (eds), Jewish Society and Culture: An Economic Perspective.  Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press, 2007.  pp.131-154.

 “Appendix 3: Origin of Historical Statistics of the United States.”  In Susan B. Carter, Scott S. Gartner, Michael Haines, Alan Olmstead, Richard Sutch, and Gavin Wright, eds.  Historical Statistics of the United States, Millennial Edition.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.  pp.5–819-24.   

“An Economic Perspective on Religious Education:  Complements and Substitutes in a Human Capital Portfolio.”  Research in Labor Economics 24 (2006), pp. 429-467.

 “The Economics of American Judaism.”  In Dana E. Kaplan, ed., The Cambridge Companion to American Judaism (Chapter 18), Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp.317-327.

 From Ellis Island to JFK – An Economist’s Perspective,” Journal of American Ethnic History 21 (2002), pp.57-67.

“The Economics of Jewish Immigrants and Judaism in the United States.”  Papers in Jewish Demography 1997 (2001), pp.331-344.    

“The Cost of Living Jewishly and Jewish Continuity” (with B. Chiswick), Contemporary Jewry 21 (2000), pp.78-90.

“Introduction to The Economics of Judaism and Jewish Observance" (with Tikva Lecker), Contemporary Jewry 20 (1999), pp.1-7.

“The Economics of Jewish Continuity,” Contemporary Jewry 20 (1999), pp.30-56.

“Macroeconomic Determinants of Migration: The Case of Germany, 1964-1988” (with G. Karras).  International Migration 34 (1999), pp. 657-677.

“The Economic Adjustment of Immigrants: Jewish Adaptations to the United States” in R. Farber & C. Waxman (eds.), Jews in America: A Contemporary Reader.  Brandeis University Press. 1999. Pp.16-27.

“The Economics of Contemporary American Jewish Family Life,” Studies in Contemporary Jewry 14 (1998), pp.65-80.

Included in Peter Y. Medding (ed.), Coping with Life and Death: Jewish Families in the Twentieth Century.

Israel and American Jewry in the Year 2020: An Economic Analysis” in Anat Gonen & Smadar Fogel (eds.), Israel and the Jewish People.  (Israel 2020”: Master Plan for Israel in the Twenty-first Century.  The Macro Scenarios.)  Haifa: Technion, 1996 (Hebrew), pp.257-272.

“The Economics of American Judaism,” Shofar 13:4 (Summer 1995), pp.1-19.

“Determinants of Religious Intermarriage: Are Jews Really Different?”  Papers in Jewish Demography 1993 (1997), pp.247-257.

 “Religion as a Determinant of Marital Stability” (with E. Lehrer), Demography 30 (1993), pp.385-404.

Reprinted in Evelyn L. Lehrer, Religion, Economics and Demography, Abingdon (UK): Routledge, (2009)  pp.11-32.

“Immigrant Impacts on Israel’s Labor Force: Implications for Economic Development,” Papers in Jewish Demography 1989 (1993), pp.253-257.

“The Impact of Immigrants on the Macro-Economy” (with B. Chiswick and G. Karras), Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 37 (1992), pp.279-316.

Reprinted in Barry R. Chiswick, The Economics of Immigration, Cheltenham (UK): Edward Elgar, (2005)  pp.224-261

“Religious Intermarriage: An Economic Perspective” (with E. Lehrer), Contemporary Jewry 12 (1992), pp.21-34. 

Reprinted in: Paul Ritterband (ed.), Jewish Intermarriage in its Social Context (1991), pp.21-34.

“On Marriage-Specific Human Capital: Its Role as a Determinant of Remarriage” (with E. Lehrer), Journal of Population Economics 3 (1990), pp.193-213.

“The Impact of Immigration on the Human Capital of Natives,” Journal of Labor Economics 7 (1989), pp.464-486.

“Human Resource Development: Some Economic Policy Issues,” in C. Hongladarom (ed.), Human Resource Development: Concept, Policies, Needs and Cooperation in the ASEAN Region, Bangkok, 1989, pp.13-19.

“Labor, Leisure and Home Production: Implications of the New International Standards for Labor Statistics” (invited paper), American Statistical Association Business and Economic Statistics Section, Proceedings 1987, pp. 1-5.

Statistical Data for Thailand: Surveys of Households and Individuals, Human Resources Institute, Thammasat University, Bangkok, 1987.

“The Efficiency Wage Hypothesis: Applying a General Model of the Interaction Between Labor Quantity and Quality,” Journal of Development Economics 20 (1986), pp. 311-323.

“Are Immigrants and Natives Perfect Substitutes in Production?”  (with B. Chiswick and P. Miller), International Migration Review (Winter 1985), pp. 674-685.

“The Elasticity of Substitution Revisited: The Effects of Secular Changes in Labor Force Structure,” Journal of Labor Economics 3 (1985), pp. 490-507.

“Race and Public Policy: The Statistical Connection” (with B. Chiswick), Challenge, 27:4 (September/October 1984), pp.51-55.

“The Impact of Education Policy on Economic Development: Quantity, Quality and Earnings of Labor,” Economics of Education Review 3 (1984), pp. 121-130.

“Analysis of Earnings from Household Enterprises: Methodology and Application to Thailand,” Review of Economics and Statistics LXV (1983), pp. 658-662.

“The Distribution of Income” in P. Richards (ed.), Basic Needs and Government Policies in Thailand, Singapore (ILO: Maruzen Asia), 1982, pp. 19-66.

“The Value of a Housewife’s Time,” Journal of Human Resources 17 (1982), pp. 413-425.

 “Education and Labor Markets in LDCs,” in L. Anderson & D. Windham (eds.), Education and Development, Lexington Books, 1982, pp. 99-112.

“The Growth of Professional Occupations in U.S. Manufacturing: 1900-1973,” Research in Human Capital and Development, I (1979), pp. 191-217.

“Effects of Inflation on Low-Income Groups,” United Nations Document No.  E/CN.5/570, January 1979, Annex.

“Growth Policy and the Distribution of Income,” in W. Krelle and A. Shorrocks (eds.), Personal Income Distribution, North-Holland (1978), pp. 471-487.

“A Procedure for Estimating Earnings of Unpaid Family Workers” (invited paper), American Statistical Association Business and Economic Statistics Section, Proceedings 1977, pp. 206-215.

“On Estimating Earnings Functions for LDCs,” Journal of Development Economics 4 (1977), pp. 67-78.

“Application of the Theil Index to Income Inequality,” American Statistical Association, Business and Economic Statistics Section, Proceedings 1976, pp. 255-260.


D.       Book Reviews

Dinar, Hasia.  Roads Taken: The Great Jewish Migrations to the New World and the Peddlers Who Forged the Way.  Reviewed for Geographical Review (forthcoming 2016).

Kobrin, Rebecca and Adam Teller.  Purchasing Power: The Economics of Modern Jewish History.  Reviewed for EH.Net, March 2016.  URL: http://eh.net/book_reviews/purchasing-power-the-economics-of-modern-jewish-history/

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein.  The Chosen Few:  How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492.  Reviewed for EH.Net, January 31, 2013.   URL: http://eh.net/book_reviews/chosen-few-how-education-shaped-jewish-history-70-1492

Milica Z. Bookman.  Ethnic Groups in Motion: Economic Competition and Migration in Multiethnic States.  Reviewed for International Migration Review 37 (2003), pp.1303-1304. 

Andrew Godley, Jewish Immigrant Entrepreneurship in New York and London, 1880-1914: Enterprise and Culture.  Reviewed for EH.Net, June 2, 2002.   URL: http://eh.net/book_reviews/jewish-immigrant-entrepreneurship-new-york-and-london-1880-1914-enterprise-and-culture

Nancy Foner, From Ellis Island to JFK: New York’s Two Great Waves of Immigration.  Reviewed in Contemporary Jewry 22 (2001), pp.126-127.

Bernard Lazerwitz, J. Alan Winter, Arnold Dashefsky, and Ephraim Tabory, Jewish Choices: American Jewish Denominationalism.  Reviewed in Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 38 (1999), p.561.

Timothy J. Hatton and Jeffrey G. Williamson (eds.), Migration and the International Labor Market, 1850-1939 reviewed in Journal of Economic Literature 34 (1996), pp.803-804.

Christopher Colclough with Keith M. Lewin, Educating All The Children: Strategies for Primary Schooling in the South reviewed in Journal of Economic Literature 33 (1995), p.79.

John Knodel et al., Thailand’s Reproductive Revolution: Rapid Fertility Decline in a Third-World Setting reviewed in Economic Development and Cultural Change 38 (1990), pp.442-445.

Norman G. Owen (ed.), The Philippine Economy and the United States: Studies in Past and Present Interactions reviewed in Journal of Economic History 48 (1988), pp. 768-769.

Norman G. Owen, Prosperity Without Progress: Manila Hemp and Material Life in the Colonial Philippines reviewed in Journal of Economic History 48 (1988), pp. 769-770.

Jee-Peng Tan, Kiong Hock Lee and Alain Mingat, User Charges for Education: The Ability and Willingness to Pay in Malawi reviewed in Economics of Education Review 5 (1986), pp. 330-331.

D. Feeny, The Political Economy of Productivity: Thai Agricultural Development 1880-1975 reviewed in Journal of Economic History 42 (1983), pp. 326-328.

J. Kelly and H. Klein, Revolution and the Rebirth of Inequality: A Theory Applied to the National Revolution in Bolivia reviewed in Journal of Economic Literature 21 (1983), pp. 26-27.

R. Repetto, Economic Equality and Fertility in Developing Countries reviewed in Journal of Political Economy 89 (1981), pp. 423-425.

J. M. M. Ritzen, Education, Economic Growth and Income Distribution reviewed in De Economist 126/2 (1978), pp. 265-266.


E.       Notes and Comments

“Economic Consequences of Low Fertility,” in Kingsley Davis et al. (eds.), Below-Replacement Fertility in Industrial Societies (Population and Development Review, Supplement to Vol. 12), New York, 1987, pp. 244-247.

“Illegal Aliens and the Law” (with B. Chiswick), The L. A. Times Op-Ed page, Oct. 9, 1985.

“Recent Immigration Policy: Causes and Consequences” (Commentary) in B. Chiswick (ed.), The Gateway: U.S. Immigration Issues and Policies, Washington, D.C., 1982, pp. 104-108.

“On Benefits of Mandatory Retirement” (with B. Chiswick), The New York Times Op-Ed page, Nov. 12, 1977.

“Perspectives in Income Distribution Research” (comments) in Income Distribution, Employment and Economic Development in Southeast and East Asia (papers and proceedings of the JERC-CAMS Seminars, December 1974), Japan Economic Research Center, Tokyo, July 1975, pp. 45-46.


F.        Reports and Technical Bulletins

“Spiritual Capital: An Economic Framework.”  (with Barry R. Chiswick.  Prepared for the John Templeton Foundation meeting on Spiritual Capital: Developing a New Field of Economics and Religion), October 2003, 7 pages.

“Israel and American Jewry in the Year 2020: An Economic Analysis” (prepared for the Jewish Agency for Israel, in English), March 1996, 41 pages.

“Human Resources and Employment Prospects in Thailand” (prepared for The World Bank), October 1988, 60 pages.

“Statistical Data for Thailand: Surveys of Households and Individuals” (prepared for U.S. Government, Office of East Asian Analysis), February 1987, 66 pages plus appendices.

“The Distribution of Income in Thailand” (working paper WEP 2-23/WP97, International Labour Office, Geneva), 1981, 70 pages.

“Benchmark Data on Holding of Net Worth Components” (with R. Ferber, M. Frankel and R. Pearl; prepared for HEW by Survey Research Laboratory, University of Illinois), April 1980, 168 pages.

“The Determinants of Earnings in Thailand” (prepared as part of World Bank Research Project 671-36), January 1979, 100 pages.

“Profiles of Poverty: Thailand 1972” (prepared as part of World Bank Research Project 671-36), December 1978 (Revised), 29 pages.

“The Effects of Inflation on Poor Households: A Survey of the Literature” (prepared for United Nations Center for Development Planning, Projections and Policies), June 1978, 49 pages.

“Regional Differences in the Distribution of Household Incomes in Thailand: 1962-1972” (prepared as part of World Bank Research Project 671-36), November 1977, 66 pages.

“Measuring Poverty” (Working Paper A-1, World Bank Research Project 671-36), March 1976, 35 pages.

“Household Expenditure Patterns by Income Level: Statistical Tables” (Working Papers A-2 and A-3, World Bank Research Project 671-36), 1976, 26 and 28 pages, respectively.

Report on Social Objectives and Related Policies and Programmes in National Plans of Selected Developing Countries, United Nations Document No. E/CN.5/476, October 1972.  (Available in English, French, Spanish and Russian).

“Unemployment, Underemployment and Job-Creation” (prepared for the Agency for International Development, Latin America Bureau), August 1971, 10 pages.